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Morocco has sat an ambitious renewable development target to decrease its energy dependency as the energy mix of this emerging country was, up to now, mainly based on imported oil.
Thanks to its several initiatives, Morocco is ranked seventh in the world in the 2016 Climate Change Performance Index and is the only non-European country in the top 20. It's also one of only five countries to have achieved a "sufficient" rating for its efforts to keep warming below 2°C in the Climate Action Tracker (3).
This article gives an overview of the Moroccan energy strategy, its perspectives as well as the currents projects and initiatives that have made this country a leader in terms of green initiatives.

African leader in smart cities and cleantech sector development:

To face the challenges of urban development and demographic growth in emerging countries, several African countries have chosen to develop smart cities. Today, more than half of the Moroccan population lives in the city. This share will increase to nearly 70% in 2050 (Casablanca as an example will have more than 5 million inhabitants).

The development of Casablanca Smart City must take up new challenges (financial, social, energy, etc). This project should work on the organization of space, optimization of resources and the improvement of the relationship with citizens.

The biggest Moroccan city has a pilot role within the kingdom towards the modernization of the urban space. Since October 2015, Casablanca has been the first African city to join the network of twenty-five smart cities selected by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE3), the largest association of digital and information technology professionals in the world.

A second project, TangerTech was inaugurated by the king Mohamed VI in March 2017 and should become within 10 years the biggest technopole in Africa.

The figure 7 below presents the specificities of these two projects.


                                           Smart cities in Morocco

Read the first part of our Article on "Morocco, the Eldorado of renewable energies"

Analysis of the current situation (SWOT):

Faced with the different resources challenges, Morocco have set renewables target to decrease its energy dependency. This strategy would open new opportunities to integrate smart cities and to boost local employment and development.

Moreover, Morocco is also considering nuclear power as a baseload energy production as it has large uranium resources (42) estimated to 6.9 million tonnes according to IAEA.

The SWOT matrix below sums up the Moroccan energy situation.  (38)


Takeaways:

  • Morocco used to be an energy dependent country with 91% from the energy supply in 2014.
  • The country wishes to benefit from its large solar and wind potential to decrease external dependency and meet the growing energy demand.
  • Since 2000, Morocco has accelerated the renewable deployment especially solar and wind projects. Nour project presents today the biggest CSP plant in the world with around 530 MW of capacity.
  • To ensure the baseload power production, Morocco is considering also the nuclear power development and planning a project construction beyond 2030.
  • Morocco is also looking to develop smart cities with two projects under study: Tangertech in Tanger and E-douar in Casablanca.

Author:

Amal Abid, Consultant
Anthony Dos Reis, Manager

References:

  1. https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89nergie_au_Maroc
  2. http://giz-energy.ma/energy-context/national-energy-strategy/?lang=en
  3. https://edition.cnn.com/2016/11/17/africa/morocco-green-energy/index.html
  4. International Energy Agency (2014), Morocco In-Depth Energy Review
  5. https://tradingeconomics.com/morocco/energy-imports-net-percent-of-energy-use-wb-data.html
  6. https://energypedia.info/wiki/Morocco_Energy_Situation#cite_note-Morocco_In-Depth_Energy_Review-2
  7. http://www.cfcim.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Energie-solaire-maroc-20151.pdf
  8. https://telquel.ma/2017/09/06/point-les-parcs-eoliens-50-lobjectif-national-atteint-dici-2019_1560046
  9. http://www.salon-agriculture.ma/energie-eolienne-le-maroc-depassera-les-2-000-mw-en-2020/
  10. https://eolienne.f4jr.org/parcs/haouma
  11. https://www.leconomiste.com/article/962058-eolien-koudia-al-baida-bientot-relance
  12. https://telquel.ma/2018/07/02/a-30-km-de-tanger-le-parc-eolien-khalladi-entre-en-service_1601340
  13. http://www.salon-agriculture.ma/energie-eolienne-le-maroc-depassera-les-2-000-mw-en-2020/
  14. http://www.salon-agriculture.ma/energie-eolienne-le-maroc-depassera-les-2-000-mw-en-2020/
  15. https://eolienne.f4jr.org/parcs/taza
  16. http://www.salon-agriculture.ma/energie-eolienne-le-maroc-depassera-les-2-000-mw-en-2020/
  17. https://eolienne.f4jr.org/parcs/akhfenir
  18. https://telquel.ma/2017/09/06/point-les-parcs-eoliens-50-lobjectif-national-atteint-dici-2019_1560046
  19. http://www.salon-agriculture.ma/energie-eolienne-le-maroc-depassera-les-2-000-mw-en-2020/
  20. http://www.salon-agriculture.ma/energie-eolienne-le-maroc-depassera-les-2-000-mw-en-2020/
  21. https://telquel.ma/2017/09/06/point-les-parcs-eoliens-50-lobjectif-national-atteint-dici-2019_1560046
  22. https://telquel.ma/2017/09/06/point-les-parcs-eoliens-50-lobjectif-national-atteint-dici-2019_1560046
  23. https://telquel.ma/2017/09/06/point-les-parcs-eoliens-50-lobjectif-national-atteint-dici-2019_1560046
  24. https://telquel.ma/2017/09/06/point-les-parcs-eoliens-50-lobjectif-national-atteint-dici-2019_1560046
  25. https://www.leconomiste.com/flash-infos/parc-eolien-aftissat-le-britannique-windhoist-demarre-le-chantier
  26. https://eolienne.f4jr.org/parcs/tetouan_ii
  27. https://www.econostrum.info/La-centrale-thermo-solaire-de-Beni-Mathar-au-Maroc-couvrira-13-de-la-consommation-nationale_a2813.html
  28. http://www.afd.fr/fr/le-plus-grand-complexe-solaire-thermodynamique-des-pays-du-sud-ouarzazate
  29. http://www.cfcim.org/magazine/21538
  30. http://www.salon-agriculture.ma/energie-solaire-noor-ouarzazate-bientot-operationnelle-a-100/
  31. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-04-19/morocco-ready-for-another-solar-project-to-curb-energy-imports
  32. https://bfmbusiness.bfmtv.com/entreprise/au-maroc-la-plus-grande-centrale-solaire-d-afrique-prend-de-l-ampleur-1134834.html
  33. http://ledsgp.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Implementation-of-Moroccos-solar-energy-plan-Faouzi-Senhaji-.pdf
  34. https://www.worldfuturecouncil.org/cop22-morocco-implement-100-re/
  35. http://www.e-madina.org/activites/projets/
  36. https://afrique.latribune.fr/think-tank/2017-04-18/le-maroc-pionnier-de-la-smart-city-en-afrique.html
  37. https://medium.com/@tkonikta/tanger-tech-la-future-smart-city-marocaine-2212800bdd5f
  38. http://better-project.net/sites/default/files/SWOT%20Analysis%20of%20the%20North%20African%20Countries.pdf
  39. https://www.pv-magazine.com/2017/01/13/morocco-170-mw-of-solar-pv-at-e0-042-per-kwh/
  40. http://eurosunmed.cnrs.fr/sites/default/files/documents/wp7-15112016-benannou-presentation.pdf
  41. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EG.ELC.ACCS.ZS
  42. https://cnpp.iaea.org/countryprofiles/Morocco/Morocco.htm